There is some good news about health. According to the World Health Organization (World Health Statistics 2022), over the past two decades, global health has improved, with life expectancy increasing from 66.8 to 73.3 years, and healthy life expectancy (years of good health) rising from 58.3 to 63.7 years. But the progress is not evenly distributed. Health disparities persist, with a 10-year gap in life expectancy and healthy life expectancy between low-income and high-income countries in 2019, despite gains of 11 and 10 years, respectively, since 2000.
Still, maternal mortality has fallen by 40%, and child mortality by 60% in the last 20 years. Investments in disease programs have helped, but more deaths are now due to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) like heart disease and diabetes, increasing from 61% in 2000 to almost 74% in 2019.
Despite these improvements, lower-income countries continue to grapple with communicable diseases, which still account for nearly half of all deaths in these regions. These countries bear the brunt of diseases such as TB, HIV, malaria, neglected tropical diseases, and hepatitis B. Despite the ongoing progress at the current rate, it remains unlikely that several crucial health goals, including reducing premature deaths from noncommunicable diseases and controlling the spread of TB, malaria, and HIV, will be achieved by 2030, as outlined in the Sustainable Development Goals.
We need to intensify our efforts to ensure better health outcomes for people worldwide.
Funding in the healthcare sector is the basis to achieve the health related SDGs, which amongst others, aims to eradicate epidemics like AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria by 2030. This commitment is driven by both a moral duty to ensure equitable healthcare access and the recognition that health crises in one region can pose global threats. Additionally, investing in healthcare not only enhances the well-being of populations but also fuels economic growth, leading to more productive societies and advancing broader development objectives such as poverty reduction and gender equality.
So what funding is out there? Here are the top 10 Donors in the Health sector.
The Global Fund is a global initiative dedicated to defeating HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria and promoting a healthier, fairer, and more secure future worldwide. It allocates and mobilizes $4 billion annually to combat these deadly diseases, address underlying injustices, and strengthen healthcare systems in over 100 countries. Government contributions are crucial for curbing these epidemics and reinforcing health systems, with more than 80 countries committing funds to the Global Fund. Its funding primarily comes from public resources. The top 10 government donors as of the end of 2022 are the United States, France, the United Kingdom, Germany, Japan, the European Commission, Canada, Sweden, Italy, and the Netherlands. Operating on a three-year funding cycle, the Global Fund provides predictability in the fight against these diseases and healthcare system resilience. It contributes 30% of all international funding for HIV programs and has invested $24.2 billion in HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment initiatives, along with $5 billion in TB/HIV programs until June 2022.
More information about the grants is available here.